Example research essay topic: Understanding The Historic Art Of Judo – 805 words

Judo is different things to different people.
Simply translated, Judo means the gentle way. To
most people, thats all it means. To some, they
know it simply as an Austin Powers lethal
maneuver, but to many others around the world, it
means so much more. It is a fun sport, an art, a
discipline, a recreational or social activity, a
fitness program, a means of self-defense or
combat, and a way of life. Theres an ancient
history behind Judo and many misunderstood beliefs
about the art, some of which will be addressed.
Jujitsu is the source of modern Judo. Medieval
Japanese Warriors practiced many forms of unarmed
combat, some of which were grouped under the
general name “Jujitsu ” for “the gentle practice.”
The object of all these martial arts forms was to
avoid an enemy’s superior strength and to use that
strength to his disadvantage.

Since Jujitsu was
strictly a combat technique, contests were rare
and were decided only by the death or crippling of
one of the contestants. When Japanese society
began to change structurally in the 1860’s, feudal
lords no longer had their private armies; the
martial arts, including Jujitsu, began to die out.
In the early 1880’s, Professor Jigoro Kano, a
teacher from Tokyo and an expert in many types of
Jujitsu, decided to save some of this ancient
knowledge. He modified or eliminated the most
dangerous of the Jujitsu techniques and created a
new discipline, which he called “Judo” or “the
gentle way.” Judo is “the gentle way” because the
end result is the accomplishment of a goal with
maximum efficiency and minimum effort. As an art,
Judo enables its practitioners to gain
self-respect, self-confidence, and
self-expression; as a science, it involves a
mastery of such basic natural laws as gravity,
friction, momentum, weight transmission, and unity
of forces. As a sport, rather than simply a combat
form, Judo includes a code of sportsmanship, a
sense of mutual respect, and a system of ethical
and moral development. Judo is both an art and a
science.

From its simple beginnings in
nineteenth-century Japan, Judo has spread in
popularity throughout the world. Its rich,
medieval heritage combined with Professor Kano’s
modern, scientific approach has made Judo into the
exciting sport it is today. One of the more
interesting things about judo is the fact that a
student of judo, whose only language is English,
can travel and study judo in dojos and understands
most of what is going on around him, because most
instruction is taught using Japanese terms. The
sport of Judo is combative, seeing two people
engaged in a dynamic battle using position
changes, offence and defense. Each Judoka, a
person who practices Judo, has to plan and apply
maximum technique at just the right time to catch
the other off guard. The combination of one’s own
strength with that of their opponent can work to
their advantage, allowing them to take their
opponent by surprise and apply one of the many
control techniques.

The objective in Judo is to
gain control of an opponent by applying the
principles of action-reaction and breaking
balance, using throws and holds based on jujitsu.
At higher levels, choking techniques and arm locks
are also used. The aim in Judo is to subdue, not
injure, the opponent. The first thing Judokas have
to learn is self-control. “The main object of Judo
lies in this point. It seeks to augment human
strength, morality and intellect by human means
and efforts. It tends to train young people in the
habits and condition conducive to the
accomplishment of great undertakings.” In judo
competitions, there are four ways to win which
include throwing your opponent, immobilizing your
opponent, arm locking your opponent, and
strangling your opponent, the latter two resulting
in a submission.

If a player does not submit,
lose, or win by earning the maximum point, ippon,
an automatic win, then the player with the most
points, when time runs out, wins. Judo has a
special spot in the modern Olympics for it is
currently the only martial art that is part of the
Olympics. Judo has been an Olympic sport for men
since 1964, when competitors first participated in
the Games. Women’s Judo was made an official
Olympic sport later at the 1992 Barcelona Olympic
Games. Many judokas have made judo their way of
life. Most start judo an early age, while judo has
no age limit, and continue it until they cant
continue any longer.

Judo has many other options
besides the competition factor. After competing,
many judokas continue their involvement with judo
in less active roles. Many teach what they have
been taught to a new generation, while some choose
to become involved in refereeing. Others pursue a
less direct role in judo by joining committees to
promote judo and organize local, provincial,
national and international events..

Research essay sample on Understanding The Historic Art Of Judo