Example research essay topic: The Pandemic Outbreak Of Aids In Africa – 912 words

On 18 October 1983, the first case of AIDS in
Africa was documented. Peter Piat, a Belgian
microbiologist, had been investigating the first
outbreak of the Ebola fever. While carefully
examining a patient, Pait made a remarkable
discovery. He had found the first case of AIDS in
Africa. When researchers started looking for the
newly identified virus, it turned up almost
everywhere – in eighty percent of Nairobi
prostitutes, thirty-two percent of Ugandan truck
drivers, forty-five percent of hospitalized
Rwandan children. (Malan, Rian – Rolling Stone, 22
November 2001, Issue 882, p70) Experts immediately
plotted graphs and concluded that scores of
millions – maybe more would die unless something
was done.

(Malan, Rian p70) AIDS, or acquired
immune deficiency, is a deadly virus that kills
and damages cells of the body’s immune system.
When the immune system is attacked, the body’s
ability to fight infections and certain cancers
becomes considerably weaker. (Malan, Rian p70)
AIDS is caused by the human immune deficiency
virus (HIV) and both can be transmitted through
sex, contact with contaminated blood, sharing or
syringes or needles, and through birth. Africa,
unfortunately, is home to the worlds largest
number of victims suffering from the AIDS virus.
(Malan, Rian p70) Those experts who immediately
began plotting graphs have seen their conclusion
come true. Since 1983, when Pait accidentally
discovered that AIDS had spread around the globe,
AIDS in Africa has grown at a rapid pace year by
year. As the epidemic continues to spread, it has
had a severe impact on Africa. The virus affects
people of all ages throughout the entire
continent.

It is at the point where AIDS in
considered no longer a public health crisis, but
rather a mass murderer. (Time Magazine – Death
Stalks A Continent – 12 Feb 2001 – Vol, 157 No. 6)
Since that first case back in 1983, twenty-five
million people have died from the horrific virus,
three and a half million of them children under
fifteen. (Time Magazine) Currently, it is
estimated that twenty-eight million people are
currently living with AIDS in Africa. More than
half of them will die. The twenty-eight million
people who live with AIDS in Africa are
three-fourths of the AIDS cases reported globally.
In 2001 alone, the virus infected an estimated
three and a half million people.
(AIDSandAfrica.com) That is roughly 9340 people
infected a day or one person every twenty-six
seconds.

(Time Magazine) AIDS is the leading cause
of death in Africa, with statistics showing that
roughly 6,000 Africans die each day. (Royal,
Leslie & Alleyne, Sonia – Black Enterprise,
October 2001, Vol. 32, p166). About 13 million
children have been orphaned by AIDS in Africa.
(Time Magazine) Those who have lost family are
usually children under the age of 12 and must find
ways to survive despite their dire poverty. (Time
Magazine) AIDS itself as the disease, is not only
the major killer of people. Many who have AIDS do
not seek help for fear of fellow villagers
discovering their problem and murdering them.

AIDS
infected individuals have two options. They can
either to let fellow neighbors know of their
disease, seek treatment, and risk being alienated
from their families and friends or even being
killed, or they can keep their condition secret
and die a slow, painful death. Even if they seek
treatment, chances are they will receive none. In
America, AIDS is no longer considered deadly
because of the vast technological and medical
advances we are fortunate to posses. There are
many research projects underway in order to help
find a cure for AIDS. There are few treatments
that hinder the inevitable fate, however these
beneficial treatments can be found only in
industrialized countries such as America.

However,
this is not the case in Africa. HIV infected
Africans are rarely treated and usually die with a
few months of infection because of the
unaffordable prices pharmaceutical companies are
putting on their therapeutic drugs. These
obstacles make the prevention and cure of AIDS in
Africa nearly impossible. Many scholars speculate
that the AIDS epidemic is so severe now that
twenty-five million more will soon die (Time
Magazine), and some experts have made comparisons
to the bubonic plague. (AIDSandAfrica.com) The
U.S. Census Bureau projects that AIDS deaths means
that by 2010, Africa will have 71 million fewer
people than it would otherwise.

(Royal, Leslie
& Alleyne, Sonia) If this deadly epidemic does
not decline, then it could lead to the downfall of
the second largest continent in the world. Not
only is the AIDS virus horrific for its death
rates, but also for the effect it has had on many
countries economies. AIDS related deaths reduce
the skilled labor force and cause a shortage of
workers. Studies show that by the year 2005, urban
based sectors in Africa will lose an average of
thirty percent of their employees to AIDS. (Royal,
Leslie & Alleyne, Sonia) AIDS is also expected
to use up seventy-five percent of the nations
health budget. (Royal, Leslie & Alleyne,
Sonia) Currently, AIDS is now the main reason for
workers to be leaving their jobs.

Companies
throughout Africa are losing workers and money to
AIDS, which is making a big impact on the economy.
The international community has had mixed reaction
to the epidemic in Africa. It has become such a
crisis in Africa, that it is one of the chief
concerns of the United States. (Malan, Rian p70)
They believe that by the year 2010, Africa will be
consisted of entirely of forty million orphans
that will cause chaos and anarchy because they
have no education. (Malan, Rian p70).

Research essay sample on The Pandemic Outbreak Of Aids In Africa