Throughout the Roman Republic’s early years ,
three powerful emperors brought changes and
improvements that gained them respect and helped
propel Rome on its high paced race to greatness.
These men ruled differently in the areas of public
and foreign policy and social cooperation. But,
which one was the most successful? Augustus
Octavian took the throne after Caesar’s murder. He
had been adopted by Caesar and , therefore , was
willed the throne. Augustus changed public policy
during his reign. He had already learned from
Caesar’s mistakes and took advantage of his
knowledge. First, he knew that all the Senate
needed was a sense of importance.
their need by cooperating with them. Augustus also
ruined the established governing class and
promoted new social elements. Socially , Augustus
cooperated with bankers , corrupt paymasters and
adventurers to shift convenient alliances.
Augustus boasted often that he had “found Rome a
city of brick and left it a city of marble” , and
he eventually led the people of Rome and its
Senate to believe that he had restored the Roman
Republic. He hadn’t done anything of the sort.
Instead , he had gained sole control of the army
and many important provinces, the power to propose
and veto legislation , and the power to sit
alongside the consuls. Augustus’s foreign policies
only went as far as turning his army’s conquests
into provinces. Overall, he calmed Rome’s fear of
a solitaire, powerful leader by , in essence ,
pulling the wool over their eyes.
And he was
successful in doing so. The next great emperor ,
Claudius , took the throne after Gaius’s public
assassination. His reign reeked of foreign policy.
Acquiring Britain was his one main theme. He
succeeded and annexed the island making it the
first addition to Rome’s empire since Augustus’s
reign. This move defined his entire reign , being
the most significant occurrence in his time.
Claudius’s public affairs , such as his
relationship with the Senate did not get off to a
good start. Claudius made efforts to appeal to the
council but also detrimented his efforts by
accepting unworthy men in the Order.
notorious for his judicial procedures. He was
accused of not listening to both sides of a case
and making savage and cruel rulings based on bias.
The only known group he cooperated with were
unworthy , long-haired Gauls and other people
unaccepted by the snobbish Senate. Though his
attempts obvious , Claudius failed to cooperate
with the Senate during his reign and made some bad
judicial decision. These factors made his reign
disrespected and not thought of as an improvement.
Upon his arrival in Rome in late summer, A.D. 70,
Vespasian faced the daunting task of restoring a
city and a government ravaged by the recent civil
wars. But Vespasian rose to the occasion.
encouraged rebuilding on vacated lots and restored
the Capitol. He raised money for the projects by
using his power to manipulate the supply of
certain commodities in order to inflate their
price. Also, to enhance Roman economic and social
life even further, he encouraged theatrical
productions by building a new stage for the
Theatre of Marcellus, and he also put on lavish
state dinners to assist the food trades. In other
matters the emperor displayed similar concern. He
restored the depleted ranks of the senatorial and
equestrian orders with eligible Italian and
provincial candidates and reduced the backlog of
pending court cases at Rome. Vespasian also
re-established discipline in the army, while
punishing or dismissing large numbers of
In matters of foreign policy ,
Vespasian increased the number of legions in the
East and continued the process of imperial
expansion by the annexation of northern England.
Vespasian also advanced towards Scotland , Germany
, and Spain. His rule was filled with expansion
and restoration. I believe that Augustus was the
most successful leader of Rome. He was a highly
decorated commander and led Rome off on the path
of greatness with his ingenuities. He molded the
republic and structured a new form of government
while , at the same time , earning his people’s
respect and pacifying the Senate. He cast a mold
for all of the other leaders to follow and was
strong enough not to crumble under future clumsy
Research essay sample on The Most Successful Early Roman Emperors