Scarlet Fever is a contagious disease caused by
the same bacteria that causes strep throat. This
bacteria is called group A beta-hemolytic
streptococcacus (Balentine and Kessler 1). This
bacteria usually starts in the tonsils or pharynx.
“Transmission is most commonly via airborne
respiratory particles and can be spread from
infected patients, as well as asymptotic carriers.
Infection rate increases in overcrowded situations
(eg, school or other institutional settings).”
(Balentine and Kessler 3). It can be caught
through close contact with someone who has this
bacteria and has not taken antibiotics for at
least 24 hours (PPP healthcare). If this bacteria
does invade the body than many symptoms can
result. It takes about 2-4 days after catching the
disease for the symptoms to start appearing (PPP
Symptoms start with a sore throat,
fever, and sometimes vomiting. 24hours later a
rash made up of small red bumps starts behind the
ears. This is where the name Scarlet Fever came
from. The rash is the wors in places where he skin
folds like elbow creases. The rash spreads but
avoids the face. However the face appears flushed.
After about 4 to 5 days the rash clears but is
then followed a few days later by skin peeling
where the rash was the worse (PPP healthcare).
tongue takes on a strange look. It is called
“strawberry tongue”. The tongue is coated with
white everywhere except the small bumps that stick
out according to the Western Journal of Medicine.
Scarlet Fever is most often caught by young
children between the ages 2-8 ((Balentine and
Kessler 3). There is a 10-15% chance of a child
between those ages strep throat turning in to
Scarlet Fever. In the 1800’s especially there were
many deadly outbreaks of scarlet fever (The
Western Journal of Medicine). Now days, however,
there are very few deaths in America because of
In other less developed countries
they still have many deaths from the disease.
Scarlet fever can be cured if antibiotics to kill
the bacteria are given. The same type of
antibiotics as strep throat are given because they
share the same bacteria. The exact type of
antibiotics given will depend on the doctor. The
ones that can be given are called Penicillin VK,
Penicillin G benzathine, or Erythromycin..
Research essay sample on The Effects And Dangers Of Contracting Scarlet Fever