Example research essay topic: Symptoms And Treatments For Grave’s Disease – 388 words

Graves’ disease is a basic defect in the immune
system, causing production of antibodies, which
stimulate and attack the thyroid gland, causing
growth of the gland and overproduction of thyroid
hormone. Similar antibodies may also attack the
tissues in the eye muscles and in the pretibial
skin (the skin on the front of the lower leg).
There are three components to Graves disease: Hyperthyroidism (overproduction of the thyroid
hormone) Ophthalmopathy, especially protrusion of
the eyeballs Dermopathy with skin lesions What
are some symptoms? Fatigue Weight Loss Restlessness (and restless sleep) Rapid and
irregular heart beat Changes in libido (sex
drive) Muscle weakness Heat intolerance Tremors Enlarged thyroid gland Increased sweating Nervousness & irritability Eye complaints,
such as redness and swelling, blurred or double
vision Hair changes Erratic behaviour Increased
appetite Distracted attention span Decrease in
menstrual cycle Increased frequency of stools Who
can get Graves? Graves only occurs in less than of 1% of the population. Although Graves’ disease
most frequently occurs in women in the middle
decades (8:1 more than men), it also occurs in
children and in the elderly. There are several
elements contributing to the development of
Graves’ disease. There is a genetic predisposition
to autoimmune disorders. Infections and stress
play a part.

Graves’ disease may have its onset
after an external stress or in other instances it
may follow a viral infection or pregnancy. Many
times the exact cause of Graves’ disease is simply
not known. It is not contagious, although it has
been known to occur coincidentally between
husbands and wives. Of research importance, the
Graves’ gene in DNA has not yet been identified.
However, it is known that the Graves gene is on
chromosome #10. Treatment (the 3 most common): 1.
Anti-thyroid drugs, which inhibit production or
conversion of the active thyroid hormone; 2.
Radioactive iodine (I-131), which destroys part or
all of the thyroid gland and renders it incapable
of overproducing thyroid hormone; or 3. Subtotal
thyroidectomy, in which a surgeon removes most of
the thyroid gland and renders it incapable of
overproducing thyroid hormone.

The first treatment
is about 20-30% effective, and the latter two
treatments result in about a 90-95% remission rate
of the disease. In a few cases, the treatments
must be repeated. In all cases, lifetime follow-up
laboratory studies must be done, and in almost all
cases, lifetime replacement thyroid hormone must
be taken..

Research essay sample on Symptoms And Treatments For Graves Disease