Example research essay topic: Social And Psychological Lessons From Teen Abortions – 1,276 words

For teenagers facing abortion, it is a
psychological, social, and philosophical dilemma
that must be encountered. After the Roe v Wade
case in which the court decided that a woman
should have the right to choose, limited abortion
rights were granted to minors. As a result,
numerous states enacted various forms of parental
notification and consent laws. In most states, the
law requires that parents of teenagers provide
written approval of the minor’s decision to
terminate her pregnancy, or that they be notified
by a physician (McDonagh 21). An on going debate
has continued regarding the notification of
parents on abortion. Even though many
psychologists believe that parental notification
can have a long-lasting impact on the teenager’s
physical and psychological well being, decision
making capability, and family relationships,
opponents believe that such notification laws are
unnecessary because a significant portion of
teenagers confide in their parents about pregnancy
and would seek their advice on pregnancy options
and alternatives.

Therefore, parents are already
involved in providing emotional and psychological
support and assisting her in the decision making
process. Also, a small percentage of teens are
living in abusive and unstable situations at home
and the laws would cause them to delay seeking
termination of their pregnancy because of the fear
of the parental reaction. On the other side, those
who believe that parents should be notified argue
that if parents are notified, they will be there
to provide support in dealing with the
psychological impact of abortion. They also argue
that teenagers are not experienced at making
decisions for them and therefore will not make the
decision that is best for themselves and for their
family. Information must be obtained on the
psychological effects of abortion on teenage
mothers before any federal law goes into existence
on teen abortions (Schwarz 43). Statistics show
that in the United States abortion is committed by
many teenage mothers.

A bill was passed requiring
a teenage girl to notify her parents before having
an abortion. The problem the bill faces is that
there is a Privacy Amendment in the Constitution
that protects women’s rights to choose abortion.
Sponsors of the bill argue the fact that in any
other surgical procedure, other than an emergency,
doctors are required to notify the parents before
they do surgery. However, in many economically and
education deprived sections of the US, many
teenagers are living in potentially violent
families or a father who might even be responsible
for his daughter’s pregnancy. In a case like that,
the father may be so enraged about a daughter’s
decision to have an abortion he may physically and
sexually assault the teenager and thus
psychologically damaging the teen for life. For
some teens, abortion as a means of coping can
become a stressor. By many teens, abortion is used
as a coping mechanism for adolescents who are not
ready for parenthood.

However, abortion for some
teens can be the very thing that causes stress.
Over 20 percent of teens who have an abortion have
posttraumatic responses, including depression
(Fettner 87). This is because a teen that becomes
pregnant will form a strong attachment to the
fetus. This causes many problems because it causes
a grief reaction that is difficult to overcome.
Teenagers who were traumatized by their abortion
experience often say they felt forced to have an
abortion and that the experience was tremendously
filled with emotion (Fettner 87). The
posttraumatic response to an abortion is not
dissimilar to any other traumatic event like a car
accident or the witness of a death. The teenager
will have flashbacks of feelings of attachment to
the child and often return to the place of the
abortion, and even deny that the abortion even
took place (McDonagh 64). In many cases, some
adolescents will resort to drugs and alcohol to
escape the flashbacks and be able to sleep.

Also,
many of the teenagers who do have an abortion many
times come back pregnant again and have another
abortion. Many girls fear punishment from God and
the negative reaction to abortion may not be met
with much comfort. Each year, one million American
teenagers become pregnant, and 85% of these
pregnancies are unintended. Four in every five
Americans begin having intercourse before age 20.
Many of the youngest women in this group report
having had sex forced on them. By the time they
turn 20, about 40% of American women have been
pregnant at least once. Many of these young women
have little understanding of their bodies and have
begun having sexual intercourse before knowing
about ways to prevent pregnancy.

Because teens in
other developed countries receive more education
about sexuality and have more access to
contraception and family planning services, they
have much lower rates of pregnancy and abortion.
For example, in the Netherlands, where teenage
sexual activity is about the same as in the U.S.,
pregnancy rates are only one-ninth those of the
United States. Of teenage women who become
pregnant, about 35% choose to have an abortion
rather than have a child. Many times teenagers
make mistakes that they later regret. Even though
many of them are not as extreme as getting
pregnant, they still have to deal with the
consequences of the mistake and learn to deal with
them (Levy 11). They cannot go back and change
what they did because it is impossible to do so
and the only way to deal with their mistake is it
accepted it. Teen pregnancy cannot be escaped
through abortion because there are many long-term
psychological affects (Levy 12).

A teen mother
must take care of the child that they conceived
with the help of the father and raise it into the
best family and environment that they can. When a
teen becomes pregnant, she is naturally bonded to
her child no matter what she plans on doing with
him/her. As a result, abortion is a very traumatic
event that can have long lasting effects on them.
The effects can be as severe depression and an
inability to cope with the outside world. Because
of these effects, she can become extremely violent
and be hazardous to herself and others around her.
In order to maintain the attachment to he fetus,
the child should have been born and not been
aborted (Levy 13). The attachment is something
natural that occurs between a mother and fetus and
is there for a reason, so that the mother can take
good care of the child when he/she is born. It is
not natural for the mother to have the pregnancy
aborted because otherwise she would not feel a
connection to the fetus.

Many teenagers have
immoral sexual relationships which put their lives
in danger because of STDs and the risk of becoming
pregnant again. Abortion is undeniably
psychologically damaging. The consequences are not
always seen immediately, and the initial reaction
may be one of relief now that the problem has been
eliminated. However, feelings of depression,
anxiety and guilt can begin to come to the surface
months or even years later. Abortion is an assault
on motherhood, something that is fundamental to
human nature. Abortion isn’t like having a tooth
taken out, even though some people seem to believe
they are similar procedures, judging from their
light attitude toward the subject.

It is the
deliberate destruction of a defenseless, innocent
life, and it is often devastating to the woman and
the relationship. Unfortunately, this course of
action, the most harmful, is frequently proposed
by the teenage father or the pregnant girl’s
parents, without taking into consideration the
repercussions an abortion has on the future lives
of the couple and their families. All they see is
a quick, easy solution: pay the doctor, eliminate
the problem and, supposedly, forget..

Research essay sample on Social And Psychological Lessons From Teen Abortions