Example research essay topic: Sigmund Freud And The Analysis Of Dreams – 621 words

PART I Sigmund Freud was born on May 6, 1856 in
what is now Pribor, Czech Republic. He moved to
Vienna, Austria in 1860 and Freud began school at
Vienna University in 1875. In 1881, Freud
qualified as a doctor of medicine. Freud
researched medicinal effects of coca,
hypnotherapy, and in 1895, he began to analyze his
own dreams. PART II Freud formed his theory of
dreaming, published in The Interpretation of
Dreams, by the analysis of his own dreams. He kept
a journal of his dreams, reflected on them, and
concluded that dreams are the fulfillment of
wishes, whether conscious or not.

Freud said that
all dreams contain common elements such as a
childhood memory, possibly a conflict or an
emotionally-charged experience. This early memory
is blended with events from the past few days that
relate to it. These recent events are called day
residue. While dream analysis seems to be a simple
process, early childhood memories or traumas are
often repressed. An inner censor has hidden the
dreamers true wishes. The inner censor distorts
the dreams meaning.

Often, the features of many
different people are compressed into one
character. The censor can also transfer comments
for one person to a different one in the dream,
and sometimes substitute a symbol for a person. A
father may become a king, a mother a cupboard, a
child an animal. (Muckenhoupt) The censor changes
verbal thoughts into visual images, and other
symbols can take the form of verbal cues. Once the
censoring process is complete, the unconscious
conflict has been changed and manipulated into
symbolic content. When the person awakes he or she
must make sense of the symbols and force a logical
structure onto the dream.

Freud wrote, A dream is
the (disguised) fulfillment of a (suppressed,
repressed) wish. (Muckenhoupt) Since a dream is
simply a symbol for a deeper desire, the
psychoanalyst must decode the latent content in
order to find out what the subconscious is
bringing out. A common type of dream that Freud
dealt with was the anxiety dream. Some dreams of
this type result from sexual wishes where this
sexual energy, or libido, is converted into
anxiety. This is especially true when the wish is
revealed too clearly in the dream. Other times,
the cause of the anxiety is present before the
dream begins and is used like day residue, to
expose a repressed wish.

For example, a patient of
Freuds once dreamed of a broken bone when his
marriage was falling apart. This is just one of
Freuds theories on different types of dreams and
shows his thoughtful analysis of why people dream.
PART III I strongly agree with the basic
principles of Freuds dream theory. That is, I
agree that dreams are a symbolic representation of
a combination of early childhood experiences and
recent events. Freud believed that most dreams are
sexual in nature. I believe this also because,
when it gets down to it, human beings, like all
living creatures, are made to reproduce.
Everything we do is to ensure the procreation of
our species. This is part of the evolutionary
theory, which is partly based on the Freuds
psychoanalytical theory.

I believe that through
social conditioning human beings are thought to
repress their animal instincts and biological
urges because they are uncivilized. It seems only
natural that these urges would reveal themselves
when our guard is down, in our sleep.
Nevertheless, as Freud said, our inner censor can
still hide the true meaning of our dreams. This is
true because Freud said that children have not yet
developed an inner censor so their dreams are a
true reflection of their inner desires.
Muckenhoupt, Margaret. Sigmund Freud Explorer of
the Unconscious.
www.freud.t0.or.at/freud/chronolog/1895-e.htm.

Research essay sample on Sigmund Freud And The Analysis Of Dreams