Example research essay topic: Responses On The Ethics Of Abortion – 1,016 words

#1) “Guilty? Yes. No matter what the motive, love
of ease, or a desire to save from suffering the
unborn innocent, the woman is awfully guilty who
commits the deed. It will burden her conscience in
life, it will burden her soul in death; But oh,
thrice guilty is he who drove her to the
desperation which impelled her to the crime!”
Susan B. Anthony, 1 The Revolution 4, 4 (July 8,
1869). #2) “[T]here were certain crimes where
requests for leniency merely made me angry. Such
crimes were, for instance, rape, or the
circulation of indecent literature, or anything
connected with what would now be called the “white
slave” traffic, or wife murder, or gross cruelty
to women and children, or seduction and
abandonment, or the action of some man in getting
a girl whom he had seduced to commit abortion.

I
am speaking in each instance of cases that
actually came before me, either while I was
Governor or while I was President. In an
astonishing number of these cases men of high
standing signed petitions or wrote letters asking
me to show leniency to the criminal. In two or
three of the cases, one where some young roughs
had committed rape on a helpless immigrant girl,
and another in which a physician of wealth and
high standing had seduced a girl and then induced
her to commit abortion – I rather lost my temper,
and wrote to the individuals who had asked for the
pardon, saying that I extremely regretted that it
was not in my power to increase the sentence. I
then let the facts be made public, for I thought
that my petitioners deserved public censure.
Whether they received this public censure or not I
did not know, but that my action made them very
angry I do know, and their anger gave me real
satisfaction. The list of these petitioners was a
fairly long one, and included two United States
Senators, a Governor of a State, two judges, an
editor, and some eminent lawyers and business
men.” THEODORE ROOSEVELT, AN AUTOBIOGRAPHY, 305
(1913) (emphasis added). #3) “[I]t seems to me as
clear as daylight that abortion would be a crime.”
M.

GANDHI, ALL MEN ARE BROTHERS: THE LIFE AND
THOUGHTS OF MAHATMA GANDHI AS TOLD IN HIS OWN
WORDS 165 (1958). #4) “It is to be deeply
regretted that the American people have been
denied the deliberative role in shaping public
policy on this issue that has been played by the
citizens of other developed democracies. The
American people are capable of rising above
partisanship on a matter of this gravity. Their
voice can and must be heard, through the normal
procedures of democracy. For like the practice of
slavery, and like Jim Crow laws of the
not-so-distant past, the abortion issue raises the
most fundamental questions of justice – questions
that cannot be avoided, and that cannot be
resolved by judicial fiat.” Eunice Kennedy Shriver
(founder of the Special Olympics) and Sargent
Shriver (1972 Democratic Vice-Presidential
Nominee), et al., A New American Compact: Caring
About Women, Caring for the Unborn, New York
Times, July 14, 1992 at A23. #5) “Twenty-five
years and nearly 30 million abortions after the
Supreme Court’s landmark Roe v.

Wade decision, the
American public still largely supports legalized
abortion but says it should be harder to get and
less readily chosen, the latest New York Times/CBS
News Poll shows. At base, the country remains
irreconcilably riven over what many consider the
most divisive American issue since slavery, with
half the population considering abortion murder,
the poll found . . . . Public support for legal
abortion plummets from 61 percent if it is
performed in the first three months of a woman’s
pregnancy to only 15 percent in the second three
months.

. . . Nearly 80 percent of respondents
supported both parental consent and waiting
periods . . .

. Sixty-one percent said they
thought abortions should be permitted during the
first three months of pregnancy, up from 50
percent in 1982; but that support dwindled to 15
percent in the second three months and just 7
percent in the third.” Goldberg & Elder,
Public Still Backs Abortion But Wants Limits Poll
Says, N.Y. Times, January 16, 1998, at A1
(emphasis added). In a “Times Poll, 65% of
respondents said abortions in the second trimester
should not be legal. Female respondents feel more
strongly about the issue: 72% believe
second-trimester abortions should be illegal,
compared with 58% of men.” Rubin, Americans
Narrowing Support for Abortion, L.A. Times, June
18, 2000, at 1 (emphasis added).

See also Saad,
“Americans Walk the Middle Road on Abortion,” The
Gallup Poll Monthly (April 2000) (The poll
question was: “Do you think abortion should
generally be legal or generally illegal during the
second three months of pregnancy?” 65% said
illegal in July of 1996, and 69% said illegal in
March of 2000). #6) In 1997, approximately 45% of
all abortions in the United States occurred after
eight weeks’ gestation, and 12% after the first
trimester. Alan Guttmacher Institute, Facts in
Brief; Induced Abortion (2001). 71% of women
surveyed said that one reason for their having an
abortion after sixteen weeks was merely not
recognizing the pregnancy sooner, or misjudging
its gestation. Torres & Forrest, Why Do Women
Have Abortions? 20 Family Planning Perpectives
169, 174 (1988). Only about 1% of abortions are
related to rape or incest.

Id at 170. The
legalization of abortion led to an approximately
ten-fold increase in the total number of
abortions. See Syska, Hilgers & O’Hare, An
Objective Model for Estimating Criminal Abortions
and Its Implications for Public Policy, in New
Perspectives on Human Abortion 178 (Hilgers, Horan
& Mall eds. 1981). For a review of the dispute
over prelegalization statistics, see Daniel
Callahan, Abortion: Law, Choice and Morality 132
(1970); Stephen Krason, Abortion: Politics,
Morality, and the Constitution 301(1984). #7) “At
two months of age, the human being is less than
one thumb’s length from the head to the rump.

He
would fit at ease in a nutshell, but everything is
there: hands, feet, head, organs, brain, all are
in place. His heart has been beating for a month
already . . . . With a good magnifier the
fingerprints could be detected.” The Human Life
Bill, S.

158: Hearings Before the Subcommittee on
Separation of Powers of the Committee on the
Judiciary, United States Senate, 97th Cong., 1st
Sess. 7-10 (1981) (testimony of Dr. Jerome
Lejeune, Professor of Fundamental Ge ….

Research essay sample on Responses On The Ethics Of Abortion