Example research essay topic: How To Recognize Plagarism And Unacceptable Forms Of Paraphrasing – 841 words

How to Recognize Unacceptable and Acceptable
Paraphrases Here’s the ORIGINAL text, from page 1
of Lizzie Borden: A Case Book of Family and Crime
in the 1890s by Joyce Williams et al.: The rise of
industry, the growth of cities, and the expansion
of the population were the three great
developments of late nineteenth century American
history. As new, larger, steam-powered factories
became a feature of the American landscape in the
East, they transformed farm hands into industrial
laborers, and provided jobs for a rising tide of
immigrants. With industry came urbanization the
growth of large cities (like Fall River,
Massachusetts, where the Bordens lived) which
became the centers of production as well as of
commerce and trade. Here’s an UNACCEPTABLE
paraphrase that is plagiarism: The increase of
industry, the growth of cities, and the explosion
of the population were three large factors of
nineteenth century America. As steam-driven
companies became more visible in the eastern part
of the country, they changed farm hands into
factory workers and provided jobs for the large
wave of immigrants. With industry came the growth
of largecities like Fall River where the Bordens
lived which turned into centers of commerce and
trade as well as production.

What makes this
passage plagiarism? The preceding passage is
considered plagiarism for two reasons: * the
writer has only changed around a few words and
phrases, or changed the order of the original’s
sentences. * the writer has failed to cite a
source for any of the ideas or facts. If you do
either or both of these things, you are
plagiarizing. NOTE: This paragraph is also
problematic because it changes the sense of
several sentences (for example, “steam-driven
companies” in sentence two misses the original’s
emphasis on factories). Here’s an ACCEPTABLE
paraphrase: Fall River, where the Borden family
lived, was typical of northeastern industrial
cities of the nineteenth century. Steam-powered
production had shifted labor from agriculture to
manufacturing, and as immigrants arrived in the
US, they found work in these new factories.

As a
result, populations grew, and large urban areas
arose. Fall River was one of these manufacturing
and commercial centers (Williams 1). Why is this
passage acceptable? This is acceptable
paraphrasing because the writer: * accurately
relays the information in the original * uses her
own words. * lets her reader know the source of
her information. Here’s an example of quotation
and paraphrase used together, which is also
ACCEPTABLE: Fall River, where the Borden family
lived, was typical of northeastern industrial
cities of the nineteenth century. As steam-powered
production shifted labor from agriculture to
manufacturing, the demand for workers “transformed
farm hands into factory workers,” and created jobs
for immigrants.

In turn, growing populations
increased the size of urban areas. Fall River was
one of these manufacturing hubs that were also
“centers of commerce and trade” (Williams 1) Why
is this passage acceptable? This is acceptable
paraphrasing because the writer: * records the
information in the original passage accurately. *
gives credit for the ideas in this passage. *
indicated which part is taken directly from her
source by putting the passage in quotation marks
and citing the page number. Strategies for
Avoiding Plagiarism 1. Put in quotations
everything that comes directly from the text
especially when taking notes.

2. Paraphrase, but
be sure you are not just rearranging or replacing
a few words. Instead, read over what you want to
paraphrase carefully; cover up the text with your
hand, or close the text so you can’t see any of it
(and so aren’t tempted to use the text as a
“guide”). Write out the idea in your own words
without peeking. 3. Check your paraphrase against
the original text to be sure you have not
accidentally used the same phrases or words, and
that the information is accurate.

Terms You Need
to Know (or What is Common Knowledge?) Common
knowledge: facts that can be found in numerous
places and are likely to be known by a lot of
people. Example: John F. Kennedy was elected
President of the United States in 1960. This is
generally known information. You do not need to
document this fact. However, you must document
facts that are not generally known and ideas that
interpret facts.

Example: According the American
Family Leave Coalition’s new book, Family Issues
and Congress, President Bush’s relationship with
Congress has hindered family leave legislation
(6). The idea that “Bush’s relationship with
Congress has hindered family leave legislation” is
not a fact but an interpretation; consequently,
you need to cite your source. Quotation: using
someone’s words. When you quote, place the passage
you are using in quotation marks, and document the
source according to a standard documentation
style. The following example uses the Modern
Language Association’s style: Example: According
to Peter S. Pritchard in USA Today, “Public
schools need reform but they’re irreplaceable in
teaching all the nation’s young” (14).

Paraphrase:
using someone’s ideas, but putting them in your
own words. This is probably the skill you will use
most when incorporating sources into your writing.
Although you use your own words to paraphrase, you
must still acknowledge the source of the
information..

Research essay sample on How To Recognize Plagarism And Unacceptable Forms Of Paraphrasing