Example research essay topic: How Television And Media Have Affected Contemporary Politics – 966 words

Both of these argumentative papers were written
respectively by Samuel Popkin and Anthony King.
Popkin argues that the commercialism of the
electoral process is responsible for the low voter
turnout. He believes that the campaigners must
focus more on the real political issues in order
to stimulate voter turnout. King also believes
that the media has effected the government for the
worst. His solution for the problem is to give our
representatives longer terms, relieving the stress
of campaigning, and thus giving them more time to
focus on the issues. In his paper Popkin
acknowledges the fact that the majority of the
American people get their information about their
governors through television. This gives the media
an extraordinary amount of power.

Their coverage
and opinions can effectively make or break an
election. This in turn makes many politicians very
consciences of what they say and do in front of
the camera. They are not really able to express
their full opinion, due to time constraints and
fear of being made a fool of. A good example of
this is when Nixon lost to Kennedy in 1960. Their
last debate killed Nixons chance for the White
House that year. Another problem with the media is
that a good politician can cover up his mistakes.
If he lacks knowledge on a particular issue he can
pretend to cover this mistake with quick words or
a broad slogan that doesnt even answer the
question.

In these days the political campaign has
turned into a mass art in which the message is
translated so that the simplest man can understand
it. This in turn hinders the smarter, and usually
more interested viewer, from learning what the
candidate is truly about. This makes the voter
uninterested in the campaign, alienating even more
people. With so many issues having to be
addressed, it is hard for the candidate to give a
clear opinion on his beliefs. This forces him to
spend his very short amount of time on the air
talking about main issues. Not spending time on
the smaller threats can be a pitfall in a
politicians political career and eventually a
problem to the American people.

Popkin believes
that on the road campaigning would diversify the
candidates topics of discussion, thus giving you a
better feel for who youre voting for. The media
has also dismembered the structure of the
political party. The more important elections have
essentially singled out the nominees from their
groups. This seems to be usually a repercussion of
mudslinging and others forms of bad politics. All
in all it is detrimental to American society. King
also believes that the media has an unfair
stranglehold on how we view our governors.

He
feels that the politicians fear of the peoples
opinions dictates what actions they take and when
they do them. Although we do want a person who
listens to the people, we shouldnt want one that
passes bills so he wont lose his job. Kings
solution to this problem is to lengthen the terms,
namely in the House and the Senate. This will the
governor more time to deal with the issues at
hand, and less time worrying about job security.
He also believes that the by reducing the exposure
of politicians on the screen will make them once
again interested in the fate of their country. I
believe that both of these men make very good
points. As far a King goes, his ideas of making
the terms longer is a good idea, if it is done
correctly.

He wants to change the House and Senate
terms to four and eight years, with elections
being held every two and four years. Personally I
would make the elections for the House every two
years, and the Senate every four years. This would
prevent large groups of like-minded politicians
getting into office and controlling the
legislature. Besides, these primary elections are
made on the state level, not necessarily needing
the support or time of the major political
networks. On top of this there should be an
effective checking system in case a politician
gets out of line with the people hes representing.
Popkin also makes many valid points in his paper.
Going out and meeting the people on the regular
really shows what kind of person you are. It tests
the persons character and resolve by putting them
on the spotlight without their armies of aids to
help them.

We want to see a politician who will
show his emotions, not one who does satellite
broadcasts on a set reading off a teleprompter.
Both of these men also think that the amount of
money spent on primary elections should be changed
also. Although I think that it should change due
to inflation, I believe that this is something
that shouldnt get out of hand. Popkin uses Japan
as an example of a country that spends more money
on their campaigns. Currently they are in a bad
recession, showing that money doesnt always
necessarily make the best running mate. In
conclusion both of these men agree on the problem,
just not in the methods of solving it. Popkin
desires more work out of his politicians.

Kings
idea on the other hand has essentially given up on
changing the media and has asked to reconstruct
the way primary elections are held. I think that
both of these methods could be used effectively
together. Through hard work we could reformat the
way media covers electoral races. We could also
take some pressure off the politicians themselves.
I believe that both of these things are necessary
due to our changing environment. Many nations and
empires have fallen due to poor legislature or
stagnation. Maybe the policies, not the
principles, our forefathers gave us over two
hundred years ago are finally outdated..

Research essay sample on How Television And Media Have Affected Contemporary Politics