Example research essay topic: History Of The Trans-siberian Railroad – 382 words

Trans-Siberian Railroad, the greater part of the
rail route from Moscow through the Siberian
steppes to the pacific port of Vladivostok. Its
serious planning began in the 1890s, motivated
partly by military ambitions, but chiefly by
eagerness to colonize the then virgin but
cultivable lands in the east, which would relieve
rural overpopulation in European Russia, and to
tap their mineral resources. The driving force in
the decision to build was Tsar Alexander HI. By
1890 the railway had reached some 2,000 km
eastwards from Moscow to Chelyabinsk. In 1891-1892
Trans-Siberian construction started here and at
the Vladivostok end of the track, which was
finished throughout by the end of 1904.
Confinement to Russian territory would have
involved a detour through difficult terrain east
of Lake Baikal. So initially, by an 1896 agreement
with China, a much shorter and easier course was
taken east of Chita through Manchuria, running
over the Chinese Eastern Railway, which was built
from 1897 to 1904 with private capital.
Chelyabinsk to Vladivostok via this route was a
journey of 4,045 km (2,514 mi).

However, the
1904-1905 Russo-Japanese War hinted at the
Manchurian route’s vulnerability, and the
all-Russian alternative was built between 1908 and
1914, at twice the cost per kilometer of any other
Trans-Siberian section. This section forms part of
the 9,297 km (5,578 mi) of today’s
Moscow-Vladivostok Trans-Siberian route (which
runs from Moscow to Omsk via Yekaterinburg, not
Chelyabinsk). The original single track was nearly
strangled by traffic in the war with Japan. This
led to a doubling of the track throughout almost
its entire length by 1918. Trans-Siberian freight
trains, the route’s dominant traffic, are among
the heaviest operated outside North America.
Minerals and fresh produce are important items in
the freight, the latter requiring a big fleet of
refrigerated vans because of transit distances.
The railway is now a competitive land route for
container traffic between East Asia and central
Europe or Scandinavia. Until the Russian
Revolution of 1917, the International Wagons-Lits
Company had a contract with the Tsar to run a
palatial Trans-Siberian Express between Moscow and
Harbin, Manchuria.

The journey took nine days, and
besides sleeping and restaurant cars, the train
was equipped with a chapel, library, and music
room, and two of its staff were respectively a
qualified hairdresser and a nurse. In 1994 the
daily passenger train running the whole
Moscow-Vladivostok distance took six days..

Research essay sample on History Of The Trans siberian Railroad