Example research essay topic: Historic Evolution Of The American Flag – 309 words

No one knows with absolute certainty who designed
the first stars and stripes or who made it.
Congressman Francis Hopkinson seems most likely to
have designed it, and few historians believe that
Betsy Ross, a Philadelphia seamstress, made the
first one. Until the Executive Order of June 24,
1912, neither the order of the stars nor the
proportions of the flag was prescribed.
Consequently, flags dating before this period
sometimes show unusual arrangements of the stars
and odd proportions, these features being left to
the discretion of the flag maker. In general,
however, straight rows of stars and proportions
similar to those later adopted officially were
used. The principal acts affecting the flag of the
United States are the following: On June 14, 1777,
in order to establish an official flag for the new
nation, the Continental Congress passed the first
Flag Act: “Resolved, That the flag of the United
States be made of thirteen stripes, alternate red
and white; that the union be thirteen stars, white
in a blue field, representing a new
Constellation.” Act of January 13, 1794 – provided
for 15 stripes and 15 stars after May 1795. Act of
April 4, 1818 – provided for 13 stripes and one
star for each state, to be added to the flag on
the 4th of July following the admission of each
new state, signed by President Monroe. Executive
Order of President Taft dated June 24, 1912 –
established proportions of the flag and provided
for arrangement of the stars in six horizontal
rows of eight each, a single point of each star to
be upward.

Executive Order of President Eisenhower
dated January 3, 1959 – provided for the
arrangement of the stars in seven rows of seven
stars each, staggered horizontally and vertically.
Executive Order of President Eisenhower dated
August 21, 1959 – provided for the arrangement of
the stars in nine rows of stars staggered horizon
tally and eleven rows of stars staggered
vertically..

Research essay sample on Historic Evolution Of The American Flag