Example research essay topic: Examination Of The Growing Popularity Of Steriods In Sports – 1,274 words

Steroids or anabolic-androgenic steroids are a man
made synthetic substance that increase and enhance
the output of mal testosterone. They promote the
growth of skeletal muscle but they have many side
affects. Athletes and bodybuilders often use it as
a way to quickly build muscle mass although its
original purpose was to cure patients with an
abnormally low amount of testosterone. Steroids
can be taken orally, which is the most common, or
injected. Steroids have many major side effects
that can cause the body to be severely internally
injured. But the effects of steroids are different
for the person that is using it.

For men the side
effects may include the shrinking of the
testicles, a reduced sperm count, infertility,
baldness, development of breasts, and an increased
risk for prostate cancer. For women the side
effects may include a growth of facial hair,
male-pattern baldness, changes in the menstrual
cycle, and a deepened voice. For children who take
steroids their growth maybe stunted due to the
premature aging of their skeletal muscles. This
may cause the child to be forever short if they
take the steroids before their growth spurt. For
everyone there may be very severe consequences
such as liver tumors and cancer, jaundice, fluid
retention, high blood pressure, increases of LDL
and decreases of HDL. The various studies suggest
that using more than one type of anabolic steroid
at the same time (“stacking”) causes a stronger
inhibition of the functions than using one single
anabolic steroid.

After abstention from anabolic
steroids these changes in fertility usually
reverse within some months. However, several cases
of have been reported in which the situation of
hypogonadism lasted for more than 12 weeks.
Research also indicates that some users might turn
to other drugs to alleviate some of the negative
effects of anabolic steroids. For example, a study
of 227 men admitted in 1999 to a private treatment
center for dependence on heroin or other opioids
found that 9.3 percent had abused anabolic
steroids before trying any other illicit drug. Of
these 9.3 percent, 86 percent first used opioids
to counteract insomnia and irritability resulting
from the anabolic steroids. The use of steroids in
teenagers is not predominating but it does occur.
In a recent NIDA study it was found that 3% of 8th
graders use steroids, while 3.5% of 10th graders
and 2.5% of 12th graders have used steroids in
their lifetime. Scientists that wanted to threat a
condition called hypogondanism developed steroids
in the late 1930s.

Hypogondanism is a condition
where males produce a very low amount of
testosterone. Soon they found that it also
promoted the growth of skeletal muscle and that
led to athletes using them for their own purposes
of increased strength and muscle mass. There are
many different types of steroids including
boldenone undecanoate, ethlestrenol, clostebol,
dromostanolone, acetate, and many others. But they
all have the same purpose: to promote the levels
of testosterone. In the mid-1980’s, media reports
of the increasing use of anabolic steroids in
sports, including a “silent epidemic” of high
school steroid use, came to the attention of the
U.S. government.

A joint Task Force to prosecute
dealers was created with the U.S. Department of
Justice, the Food and Drug Administration, and the
Federal Bureau of Investigation. By the spring of
1990, there had been 125 legal actions on various
steroid-related charges in 27 different federal
districts. J.E. Wright and V.S. Cowart, Anabolic
Steroids: Altered States.

Over 175 steroid
trafficking convictions had been obtained prior to
classification of steroids as controlled
substances. Although there are some commonly
reported positive effects including increased
leanness, muscle definition, increased muscle mass
weight, increased strength, increased
effectiveness of training, improved recovery rate,
Euphoria, increased aggressiveness, and increased
sex drive. Even though there are a few positive
side effects the amount of negative side affects
heavily outweighs the positive. It is clinically
better to stay away from them. Most individuals
using anabolic steroids do not compete as
athletes. They are adult males in health clubs
worldwide who use them simply to have more
muscular-looking bodies.

Anabolic steroids are
classified as controlled substances under federal
and state laws, making their non-medical
possession or sale illegal in the United States.
Individuals should not only consider the possible
adverse health risks of steroid use, but also the
potential criminal consequences of anabolic
steroid involvement. Many men who self-administer
anabolics have no clue as to what might happen if
they were to be caught by law enforcement. One of
the primary effects of our government’s crackdown
on legitimate anabolic steroids has been the
expansion of a huge black market of counterfeit
products. While estimates vary widely, many
authorities assert that the majority of anabolics
available on the black market are fakes. These
counterfeits are manufactured under unsupervised
and potentially unsanitary conditions, and may
contain no real androgens at all. They may also be
contaminated with bacteria or other dangerous
substances.

The Anabolic Steroids Control Act of
1990 became law on November 29, 1990, when
President Bush signed the Omnibus Crime Control
Bill. The law applies in every Federal court
across the country. It places steroids in the same
legal class – Schedule III — as amphetamines,
methamphetamines, opium and morphine. Simple
possession of any Schedule III substance is a
federal offense punishable by up to one year in
prison and/or a minimum fine of $1,000. Simple
possession by a person with a previous conviction
for certain offenses, including any drug or
narcotic crimes, must get imprisonment of at least
15 days and up to two years, and a minimum fine of
$2,500. Individuals with two or more such previous
convictions face imprisonment of not less than 90
days but not more than three years, and a minimum
fine of $5,000, just for simply possessing.
Selling steroids, or possessing them with intent
to sell, is a federal felony.

An individual who
sells steroids, or possesses with intent to sell,
is punishable by up to five years in prison (with
at least two additional years of supervised
release) and/or a $250,000 fine. An individual who
commits such a violation after a prior conviction
for a drug offense faces up to ten years
imprisonment (with at least four additional years
of special parole) and/or increased fines. The
relevant sections of Title 21 of the U.S. Code are
as follows: 21 U.S.C. 801 (authorizes restrictions
on controlled substances); 21 U.S.C. 802(41)(A)
(defines “anabolic steroids” as any drug or
hormonal substance, chemically and
pharmacologically related to testosterone that
promotes muscle growth.

In general Steroids are
against the law and dangerous to your health.
Although they may have some very good side effects
that mainly affect your physical appearance what
good is looking good if youre dead? The side
effects of steroids can be deadly, dangerous and
highly expensive, especially if you have to pay
jail bail. The number of teens that use steroids
is getting better but they are still out there.
The decrease of availability will hopefully
continue and soon be gone completely, but until
then we must stay away from these potentially
dangerous chemicals. Unless you want to end up
with a lot of hair places where you dont want it
and none where you do not to mention the inability
to perform. Steroids are just better off
untouched. Works Cited 1. Alen, M., P.

Rahkila.
Anabolic-androgenic steroid effects on
endocrinology and lipid metabolism in athletes.
Sports Med. 6: 327-332, 1988 2. American College
of Sports Medicine. Position stand on the use of
anabolic-androgenic steroids in sport. Med. Sci.
Sports Exerc.

19(5): 534-539, 1987 3.Various
websites including:
www.nida.nih.gov/infofax.steroids.html
www.steroidinformation.com/
www.underwriting.co.za/Medical%201/lifestyle%20Dis
orders/steroid.htm www.medceu.com/tests/anabolic
steroid abuse.htm www.steroids101.com.

Research essay sample on Examination Of The Growing Popularity Of Steriods In Sports