Example research essay topic: Examination Of Liposuction And Cosmetic Surgery Procedures – 1,284 words

Fat cells lie beneath the skin throughout the
body, but accumulate in greater amounts in certain
areas. When we gain or lose weight, we are not
adding or subtracting fat cells but rather
changing the amount of fat within each cell. It is
not surprising, therefore, that many people find
that in spite of the weight they lose, they are
left with bulges or fat deposits in undesirable
places. Liposuction surgery is a technique that
uses a high suction attached to special probes
which are passed through tiny punctures made in
inconspicuous places around the body. Fat cells
are literally suctioned out, allowing the surgeon
to shape or contour various parts of the body. The
technique used at our Center combines the use of
very tiny cannulas with the injection of fluids to
minimize the risk of bleeding We can treat most
areas of the body through this approach that
virtually eliminates visible scars.

Augmentation Breast augmentation has been one of
the most gratifying cosmetic operations from the
standpoint of both the patient and the surgeon.
Although controversy in the early 1990’s led to
widespread fear about the possibility of silicone
breast implants causing autoimmune diseases, a
significant body of recent scientific research has
validated the overall general safety of silicone
breast implants. Although every operation involves
some risks, breast augmentation is generally not
considered to be dangerous. The operation is
carried out in our Cosmetic Surgical Center under
anesthesia on an outpatient basis. It generally
takes one to two hours. While breast augmentation
will enlarge the breasts, it will not alter basic
defects in breast shape or form. Major asymmetries
may be improved, but will not be corrected.

differences in the size or shape of the two
breasts is considered normal and should not be a
cause for concern. Long experience with this
operation has demonstrated highly satisfactory
results for the majority of patients who are
considered suitable candidates for the surgery.
Blepharoplasty (Eyelid Surgery) Eyelid surgery, or
blepharoplasty, is an operation which corrects
drooping eyelids as well as bags and bulges about
the eyes. These conditions develop as a result of
laxity of the eyelid skin and protrusion of fat
around the eyes. It is not limited to older
patients, as many individuals inherit a
predisposition toward development of fat pouches
at an early age. Surgical correction is
appropriate for all age groups. In some cases, the
condition will be caused by other medical problems
such as allergy or thyroid disorders.

In these
patients, the proper treatment may be medical
rather than surgical. Rhinoplasty (Nose Surgery)
Rhinoplasty, or cosmetic nasal surgery, is one of
the most common cosmetic procedures performed
today. The operation is usually carried out
because a patient desires to improve his or her
appearance. It is also requested for repair of
injuries or correction of the increasing
disfigurement of the nose that occurs as the
patient grows older. In addition to the purely
aesthetic reasons for seeking rhinoplasty,
patients may also be influenced in their desire
for surgery because of related functional problems
such as breathing obstruction, which can also be
corrected by the operation. In these cases,
medical insurance may cover a part or all of the
cost of surgery.

Because of the frequency with
which this operation is carried out, technical
refinements have allowed consistently satisfactory
results which are considerably better than was
possible twenty-five or fifty years ago.
Nevertheless, patients must recognize that the
goal of this operation is improvement, and that
perfection is a goal that remains elusive.
Patients who expect too much will be disappointed.
During your consultation, we will review typical
before and after pictures. The purpose of seeing
other patients is not to allow you to pick out the
nose that you want, but rather to give you some
idea of the types of results that are generally
achieved in this type of surgery. Computer imaging
has proven useful for this operation since it
allows the patient to preview the anticipated
results of surgery. Imaging is also helpful in
evaluating the possibilities of concomitant
procedures such as chin or cheekbone augmentation,
which often enhance the results of rhinoplasty. It
is essential to understand that computer imaging
can only give an approximation of the final result
and the patient’s appearance my be somewhat
different than depicted by the computer. Lip
Surgery “Lovely lips are a very important facial
feature, and those who have abnormally thin or
thick lips may wish to have them revised.

means are available to bring about this change.
Reshaping may involve a surgical procedure or may
be accomplished with injection therapy, depending
on the desired results. For overly large lips,
excess tissue is removed surgically through
carefully placed incisions in the inside of the
lips. Excess mucous membrane as well as deeper
glandular and soft tissue is removed to debulk the
lips. The incision is closed with a fine
absorbable suture that does not require removal.
Do not expect an immediate change, as the
operative swelling will obscure the results for
several weeks, but patients can expect a
significant improvement in time. Since the
incisions are inside, scarring is minimal in the
usual case. For the long upper lip, a lip lift
operation is available that is carried out by
making an incision hidden at the base of the nose.
Excess skin and subcutaneous tissue is remove
raising the lip by as much as one third of an

The result can be very flattering for the
properly selected patient.Two types of lip lift
surgery are available. One involves and incision
made in the lip itself and requires removal of a
strip of skin above the lip. This procedure can
result in unattractive scars, and we do not
recommend it at our center, except in unusual
cases, or in older patients who are not as likely
to form thick scars. The second procedure — the
one we prefer, involves and incision made at the
base of the nose right at the junction of the nose
and the upper lip. Skin is removed beneath the
nose resulting in elevation of the lip. The
incision is closed with very fine absorbable

The scar is inconspicuous after healing.
Early redness can be covered with make up. For the
first few weeks, there is an exaggerated look due
to the swelling, but that usually settles quickly.
Complications are uncommon with this operation but
could include infection, wound separation or
unsatisfactory scarring. We have not seen these
complications in our experience. When done by
itself, the surgery is easily carried out under
local anesthesia. Scar Revision The effect of
facial scarring is more than skin deep. Often it
is very difficult to evaluate the emotional impact
of such injuries.

This is especially true with
children who are unable to verbalize their
feelings about the scars, or in males who are
taught to minimize their concern about their
appearance. It is apparent that many people
undergo unnecessary deformity because either they
or their families have failed to deal with their
concern over the effects of facial scarring or
have failed to seek advice on what can be done to
improve the appearance of facial scars. The
treatment of facial scarring can be the most
gratifying thing that a facial plastic surgeon
does. On the other hand, it would be unfair if we
did not point out that it is also one of the most
difficult and challenging aspects of this type of
practice. Unlike most cosmetic procedures,
incisions usually cannot be hidden. The area of
incision has already been predetermined by the

Often it is in the worst possible place,
such as on the cheeks or on the jawline..

Research essay sample on Examination Of Liposuction And Cosmetic Surgery Procedures