Example research essay topic: Critical Decisions Faced By Fdr In Entering World War Ii – 724 words

In preparation for the United States entrance into
World War II, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt
made wise decisions in many critical situations
and displayed great leadership qualities in rising
to the defense of democracy. President Roosevelt
shows by his dealings throughout 1941 that he is
ready and willing to lead the United States into
war. He was asked to make many crucial decisions
throughout the years preceding the war, and he
proved himself to be wise in all of his choices.
Roosevelt knew of the trouble to the West, but
kept the United States out of the war while he
prepared our nation to fight. President Roosevelt
promised United States aid to U.S.S.R. two days
after Germans first invasion of the Soviet Union
in late June of 1941 (Taylor). He began to plan
and to establish allies throughout the nations of
Europe.

He saw the war not only as an inevitable
crisis, but also as a way to supply jobs to the
millions of Americans still being affected by the
Great Depression. On July 21, Roosevelt sent a
special message to Congress in which he urged an
extension of one-year military training by
selectees. President Roosevelt increased our
military power to destroy Nazi Germany while
creating jobs for those in the service as well as
in arms production and war materials in factories
across the nation. Roosevelt issued an executive
order prohibiting transactions in United States
credits and assets by Japan and China. This order
immediately halted the shipment of U.S. scrap iron
and gasoline to Japan.

Franklin Roosevelt
approached the relations between Japan and the
U.S. with hesitation, and timely cut off trades
with the country. President Roosevelt demonstrated
his character well and proved himself to be a
leader inspiring the American people to fight for
democracy. On August 9, 1941, Franklin Roosevelt
met with Prime Minister Churchill aboard the
U.S.S. Augusta and the H.M.S. Prince of Wales at
sea, near Argentina, Newfoundland, Canada.

The men
spent their time discussing military tactics and
war affairs. The men, determined to work together
to win the war that was afoot, decided that the
war should result in no territorial changes or
expansion, freer trade, cooperation for the
improvement of other nations, and immediate
disarming of all aggressors. A joint
Roosevelt-Churchill message was delivered to
Joseph Stalin by American and British ambassadors
on August 15, 1941 (Hacker). Franklin Roosevelt
was thoroughly preparing the nation for what was
to be a great war. Three days after the Atlantic
Conference between Franklin Roosevelt and Prime
Minister Churchill, President Roosevelt signed an
act authorizing the extension of training and
active military service to 18 months (Hacker). The
Service Extension Act passed in the House of
Representatives by a single vote, 203-202, after
passing in the Senate, 45-30 (Taylor).

On December
7, 1941, Japan launched a surprise attack on the
United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
Hundreds of Japanese planes dive-bombed the harbor
destroying a total of 18 U.S. ships and 188
planes. The day following the attack on Pearl
Harbor, Roosevelt reacted by asking Congress for a
declaration of war against Japan: With confidence
in our armed forces, with the unbounding
determination of our people, we will gain the
inevitable triumph so help us God. I ask that
Congress declare that since the unprovoked and
dastardly attack by Japan on Sunday, December 7,
1941, a state of war has existed between the
United States and the Japanese Empire. It was now
the time for President Roosevelt to act; certain
that the United States was about to enter war,
Roosevelt arranged for further conferences with
Churchill, Vargas, Camacho, Chian Kai-Shek, and
Stalin throughout the following years of wartime
(Magill). On several occasions, President
Roosevelt conferred with various world leaders to
develop war strategies and to ensure international
cooperation.

Roosevelt did well in keeping the
American people informed about the issues of the
war. On December 9, 1941, he addressed the nation
in a fireside chat made from the White House.
During the broadcast he informed the American
people that the United States was in the midst of
a war and faced with not only defeating Japans
forces but also those of Hitler and Mussolini. For
his contribution to the economic advances of the
United States throughout the thirties and during
wartime, Franklin Delano Roosevelt will go down in
history as an outstanding American President..

Research essay sample on Critical Decisions Faced By Fdr In Entering World War Ii