Example research essay topic: Comparing And Contrasting The French And American Revolutions – 894 words

Compare and contrast the American and French
revolutions. These should include the role of the
bourgeoisie/capitalist middle class, the
difference in geography, the role of the
international community, religion (its view of
democracy, and its relationship to the state),
voting habits of the two nations and their
political culture. The French Revolution was
plotted by the person who helped the Americans in
their own, Marquis de Lafayette, therefore both
revolutions have many things in common.
Nevertheless they were different countries, which
means that they had different cultures and were
different in every aspect. The Americans planned
their revolution for many years and executed it
with the help of the French (economically and
military). Once the revolution was over, they were
a republic and signed the treaty in Paris. When
the French return to France they realize that they
dont have the freedom America does and they helped
them fight for.

So, the French started planning
their own revolution. The American Revolution was
about the independence of a country. The people
who planned it were the wealthy people among the
Americans. They were the Capitalist Middle-Class.
The high-class were the British and the lower
classes the slaves and workers. The capitalist
wanted a different government. They wanted a
democracy.

The capitalists are the founders of the
United States. They believed in working hard to
make money and do what they wanted with it. On the
other hand the French revolution was about human
rights. In the French Revolution the bourgeoisie
had almost the same circumstances. They would work
really hard and save money. Along the years they
had almost more money than the nobility.

The more
money they had the more taxes would be raised. The
bourgeoisie realized that they had no rights, they
were more in quantity, they had more money than
the higher classes and they just helped the
Americans get their freedom from another country
when they didnt had freedom in their own country.
Then they started planning their revolution. The
bourgeoisie were not the founders of the country,
but were the ones who executed the revolution. The
capitalists lead the revolution but didnt fight in
it and the created a new government. Both
countries fought a war in their own land. The
Americans had the British established in their
country as well as the troops that came from
across the ocean.

The fact that British had to
cross an ocean gave the Americans some advantage
in war, giving them time and warning. Advantage
that the French didnt have because they were
fighting their own government. Their war was
local. Also, America didnt have any near
neighbors, therefore they didnt have the threat of
being attacked by other countries trying invade
them taking advantage of their weakness after war.
France had this problem when many countries
attacked them while they were in war. Another
advantage that America had was that they were
fighting against the international enemy of the
time. Many countries were against Britain,
especially the French.

America received a lot of
help from other countries. The French not only
send troops to fight, but paid for almost the
whole revolution. France had no money when the
revolution started and the Americans didnt paid
them back because they were building their own
economy. The bourgeoisie started the revolution
without help from the Americans or other
countries. Instead countries attempted to attack
them like mentioned before. Religion always has a
part in politics.

This might be the most
noticeable contrast between the two revolutions.
The American Revolution was not based, guided or
caused by religion. America was protestant and
Protestantism was very capitalist in economic
ideals. Protestantism wasnt in the way of the
American Revolution. On the other hand, France was
catholic and Catholicism favored the monarchy and
had very high position in the hierarchy. The
bourgeoisie was fighting the king as well as the
clergy (church) in the revolution. So the Catholic
Church compared to the protestant was very
involved in the revolution Americans had plans to
build a democratic government once a republic.
They got the idea of democracy from Protestantism
and the writings of John Locke.

Since the people
in the states were divided into loyalist and
capitalist, after the revolution the loyalist went
back or got used to it while the capitalist were
putting to practice the democratic system. Those
who followed the capitalist were being trained to
vote or knew what voting was. That is the reason
why democracy worked in America. The French wanted
the same but the bourgeoisie wasnt to educate and
had no knowledge of democracy. They didnt know
what voting was because a King all their lives had
governed them. Since the French couldnt
established a democracy they tried something else
called Constitutional Monarchy were the king has
to obey the laws made by a parliament instead of
the king making his own laws.

It didnt really
worked at the time but it was the start of a
long-term process for the French to learn
democracy and the voting system. The American
Revolution was successfully planned, organized and
won. While the French Revolution seemed to never
end since it wasnt really organized the way a
revolution should be. The United States of America
kept the same type of government, when the French
are in their fifth type of government since the
revolution..

Research essay sample on Comparing And Contrasting The French And American Revolutions