Example research essay topic: Cirtical Analysis Of The Works Of Cezanne – 1,054 words

After fifty years of the most radical change in
art from images to free abstraction, Czanne’s
painting, which looks old-fashioned today in its
attachment to nature, maintains itself fresh and
stimulating to young painters of our time. He has
produced no school, but he has given an impulse
directly or indirectly to almost every new
movement since he died. His power to excite
artists of different tendency and temperament is
due, I think, to the fact that he realized with
equal fullness so many different sides of his art.
It has often been true of leading modern painters
that they developed a single idea with great
force. Some one element or expressive note has
been worked out with striking effect. In Czanne we
are struck rather by the comprehensive character
of his art, although later artists have built on a
particular element of his style. Color, drawing,
modelling, structure, touch and expression – if
any of these can be isolated from the others – are
carried to a new height in his work.

He is
arresting through his images – more rich in
suggestive content than has been supposed – and
also through his uninterpreted strokes which make
us see that there can be qualities of greatness in
little touches of paint. In his pictures single
patches of the brush reveal themselves as an
uncanny choice, deciding the unity of a whole
region of forms. Out of these emerges a moving
semblance of a familiar natural world with a
deepened harmony that invites meditation. His
painting is a balanced art, not in the sense that
it is stabilized or moderate in its effects, but
that opposed qualities are joined in a
scrupulously controlled play. He is inventive and
perfect in many different aspects of his art. “In
this striving for fullness, Czanne is an heir of
the Renaissance and Baroque masters.

Delacroix, he retains from Rubens and the Italians
a concept of the grand – not in the size of the
canvas but in the weight and complexity of
variation. His grandeur is without rhetoric and
convention, and inheres in the dramatic power of
large contrasts and in the frankness of his means.
His detached contemplation of his subjects arises
from a passionate aspiring nature that seeks to
master its own impulses through an objective
attitude to things. The mountain peak is a natural
choice for him, as is the abandoned quarry, the
solitary house or tree, and the diversity of
humble, impersonal objects on the table. “The
greatness of Czanne does not lie only in the
perfection of single masterpieces; it is also in
the quality of his whole achievement. An
exhibition of works spanning his forty years as a
painter reveals a remarkable inner freedom. The
lives of Gauguin and Van Gogh have blinded the
public to what is noble and complete in Czanne’s
less sensational, though anguished, career.
Outliving these younger contemporaries, more
fortunate in overcoming impulses and situations
dangerous to art, he was able to mature more fully
and to realize many more of his artistic ideas.
“Czanne’s masterliness includes, besides the
control of the canvas in its complexity and
novelty, the ordering of his own life as an

His art has a unique quality of ripeness
and continuous growth. While concentrating on his
own problems – problems he had set himself and not
taken from a school or leader – he was capable of
an astonishing variety. This variety rests on the
openness of his sensitive spirit. He admitted to
the canvas a great span of perception and mood,
greater than that of his Impressionist friends.
This is evident from the range of themes alone;
but it is clear in the painterly qualities as
well. He draws or colors; he composes or follows
his immediate sensation of nature; he paints with
a virile brush solidly, or in the most delicate
sparse watercolor, and is equally sure in both. He
possessed a firm faith in spontaneous sensibility,
in the resources of the sincere self.

He can be
passionate and cool, grave and light; he is always
honest. “Czanne’s work not only gives us the joy
of beautiful painting; it appeals too as an
example of heroism in art. For he reached
perfection, it is well known, in a long and
painful struggle with himself. This struggle can
be read in his work in the many signs of
destructiveness and black moods, especially in his
early phase; perhaps we may recognize it too even
in the detached aspect of the world that he
finally shapes into a serenely ordered whole. I do
not doubt that the personal content of this
classic art will in time become as. evident as the
aesthetic result.”
The French painter Paul Cezanne, who exhibited
little during his lifetime and pursued his work in
increasing isolation, is regarded today as one of
the great forerunners of modern painting.

Cezanne was born in Aix, a small city in Provence,
France. His father, Philippe Auguste, was a banker
and very watchful over family accounts. A strict
authoritarian, Philippe Auguste was opposed to
Paul’s artistic goals and their father-son
relationship was strained. On the other hand, his
sister Marie and his mother were devoted to him
and encouraged young Paul to paint. His mother
told him about the Dutch Masters, such as
Rembrandt and Rubens, and supplied him with his
first box of paints. At age 13, Paul was sent to
College Bourbon, pleased to escape his father.

was at school he met and became fast friends with
Emile Zola. This friendship was decisive for both
men. Zola was not a native of Provence, which
caused him to be ostracized by his fellow
classmates. But Cezanne felt a kindred spirit in
Zola and ignored the taunts of the other students.
Zola dreamed of writing and Cezanne dreamed of
painting. Still unsure of himself and his future,
Cezanne studied law from 1859 to 1861, but
continued attending drawing classes at the same
time. Against the wishes of his father, Paul
finally made up him mind that painting was the
profession he most wanted.

So, in 1861, he joined
Zola in Paris. His father’s reluctant consent at
the time brought him financial support and later a
large inheritance on which he could live

Research essay sample on Cirtical Analysis Of The Works Of Cezanne